Towards quality and effective apprenticeships

The Council Recommendation on March 15, 201,8 on a European Framework for Quality and Effective Apprenticeships (2018/C 153/01) has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union. The Recommendation aims at providing the Member States with a common interpretation of the rules governing apprenticeships.


The Council Recommendation sets out 14 criteria in relation to working and learning conditions as well as to framework conditions, including the following:

  • a written agreement should be concluded to define the rights and obligations of the apprentice, the employer and, where appropriate, of the vocational education and training institution within a clear and consistent regulatory framework,
  • there should be clear results leading to recognised qualifications,
  • apprentices should be paid or otherwise compensated,
  • apprentices should be entitled to social protection,
  • career guidance, mentoring and learner support should be provided to apprentices both before and during the apprenticeship in order to ensure a successful outcome,
  • pedagogical support should be provided to teachers, trainers and mentors, specially in micro-, small and medium-sized companies.

The framework is a follow up to the Council declaration on the 'European Alliance for Apprenticeships' of October 2013.


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